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  1. Google faces EU charge over Android 'abuse of dominance'. Google has been issued formal antitrust charges over claims that it abuses the dominant position of its Android operating system. The European Commission sent a statement of objections to the tech firm, alleging that it has breached EU competition law. Google is accused of placing onerous requirements on firms using Android and stifling competition. May 3rd, 2017.
  2. NOVEL THEORY OF HARM FOR EUMERGER CONTROL? Significant Impediment to Industry Innovation: A Novel Theory of Harm in EU Merger Control? January, 2017.
  3. Big data and EU antitrust: Head of International Antitrust, DeHeng Law Offices. Executive Director, China Institute of Intl Antitrust and Investment. December 5th, 2016.
  1. Analysis: Android is a Platform, not a Commons. The European Commission is taking aim at Google which it says may be abusing a dominant position within the Android mobile smartphone market. The Commission believes that Google’s agreements with manufacturers who wish to preinstall Google Mobile Services (GMS), Google phone apps, on their devices come with conditions that harm competition and consumers. November 21th, 2016.
  2. ANTITRUST IN THE EU DIGITAL MARKETS: A CASE STUDY. The growth of large online platforms around the world has led to increased attention toward innovation policy. Dominant platforms such as search engines and social media have led many to question whether innovation is being stifled and whether economic growth, particularly when driven by smaller companies, is being held back. Low economic growth is the issue facing many parts of the world and one question posed by this article is whether we can afford to take the risk that monopolization provides huge gains for a few while depriving many of opportunity. July, 2016.
  3. Europe says Google broke antitrust law with app rules, Android contracts. As expected, Google has been hit with a formal “Statement of Objections” (antitrust charges) by the European Commission regarding its Android operating system and related practices. The charges focus on the requirement that handset makers pre­install selected Google apps (search and Chrome in particular) in exchange for access to the Google Play app store. April 20th, 2016.
  4. LET’S GET DIGITAL: COMPETITION AUTHORITIES SET THEIR MINDS TO BIG DATA AND ONLINE RPM Let’s get digital: Competition authorities set their minds to Big Data and online RPM Online resale price maintenance has been put high on the enforcement list, with more and more EU competition authorities lashing out at companies involved in these pricing practices. June, 2016.
  5. Are competition law instruments sufficient to handle new developments in digital media? Competition regulators are increasingly calling for new approaches to the regulation of digital markets for media, data and communication. Large players such as Facebook and Google have found themselves in the focus of attempts to develop new regulatory instruments, as authorities seek to curb what they see as a potential threat to competition through the widespread success of such platforms. What further developments can market participants expect? May 13th, 2016.
  6. Regulating digital platforms in Europe – The idea of regulating digital platforms has gained popularity in France, and in Europe. The French National Digital Council (CNN) issued a report recommending legislation targeting digital platforms. The report cites the need for measures to regulate market power held by platforms vis-à-vis content and service providers, and to guarantee transparency towards end-users. In its annual report, the French Council of State recommended imposing a general duty of fairness on digital platforms. December, 2015.
  7. Promoting competition in digital markets; a case against the Google case, and the futile search of ‘neutrality’ in on-line searches. The technological foundations and businesses models upon which digital companies currently function, the so-called ‘platforms’, are characterized by the sort of features that attract antitrust scrutiny. 2010.
  8. THE ELUSIVE ANTITRUST STANDARD ON BUNDLING IN EUROPE AND IN THE UNITED STATES IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE MICROSOFT CASES. Allegations of anticompetitive tying and bundling were significant parts of the antitrust cases against Microsoft in the United States and the European Union. 2009
  9. Critical Appraisal of Remedies in the EU Microsoft Cases. We discuss and compare the remedies in the two cases antitrust cases of the European Union (EU) against Microsoft. The first EU case alleged (i) that Microsoft illegally bundled the Windows Media Player (WMP) with Windows; and (ii) that Microsoft did not provide adequate documentation that would allow full interoperability between Windows servers and non-Microsoft servers as well as between Windows clients and non-Microsoft servers. December, 2009.
  10. THEORIES OF SELF-PREFERENCING UNDER ARTICLE 102 TFEU: A REPLY TO BO VESTERDORF. Bo Vesterdorf, the former President of the General Court (“GC”) of the European Union (“EU”), has recently expressed his view on the theory of antitrust liability that he believes to be applicable in the on-going EU Commission investigation into Google with respect to online search (the “Google search case”). 2000
  11. Summary of the complaint submitted by Fair Search Europe against Google in relation to Google's Android Operating System ("OS") Access through mobile devices is rapidly becoming the primary mode of internet consumption. It is expected that global mobile data usage will increase 18-fold from 2011 to 2016.  Mobile Internet traffic now accounts for over 17% of all Internet traffic, and more than 50% of all local searches are already done from a mobile device.
  12. FAIR PLAY IN THE DIGITAL ARENA: Digital platforms and their business models are conquering industry after industry, region after region, market after market. Digital platforms bundle and broker virtually all interactions in the Internet economy and connected society. They are powerful drivers of innovation, productivity and growth, with numerous market players and entire economies benefiting from the value they add.
  13. Here Are the Android Antitrust Charges the EU Just Threw at Google. Google (GOOG, +0.40%) is in big trouble in Europe, after the European Commission levied second set of antitrust charges against it. This time, the charges are about Android. April 20th, 2016.

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