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BIG DATA

  • GERMANY
Data protection through the lens of competition law: will Germany lead the way? On 2 March 2016, the Bundeskartellamt, the German competition authority, announced its decision to initiate proceedings against Facebook on suspicion that the social network provider had abused its dominant position by infringing data protection rules Media Policy Project Blog, 2016.
  • MEXICO
Big Data y algoritmos tramposos. Últimamente se ha hablado mucho de las enormes oportunidades que presenta el manejo eficiente de la información y el procesamiento de grandes cantidades de datos para una mejor toma de decisiones. Existen importantes y razonables preocupaciones en materia de protección de datos personales, derechos del consumidor y cada vez más, de competencia económica. Carlos Mena, 31 marzo 2017.
  • SPAIN
  1. Disrupción y derecho. Nos dirigimos a economías colaborativas en las que las empresas tendrán que cooperar con competidoras. ¿Qué empresa no se considera hoy una empresa tecnológica? La fuerza disruptiva de las nuevas tecnologías, en especial, el big data y la distribución online, está obligando a empresas de todos los sectores a digitalizarse y convertirse en tecnológicas. Miguel Odriozola, 28 marzo, 2017.
  2. La política de competencia y el “big data” (una visión francesa y alemana) Se trata de un tema muy interesante, como muestra el hecho de que la propia nota de prensa que publicaron al respecto recuerda que el Bundeskartellamt ha abierto una investigación a Facebook, bajo la sospecha de que esta compañía podría haber abusado de su poder de mercado a través de la vulneración de la normativa de protección de datos. José Rubio y Pedro Hinojo, CNMC blog. 18 agosto, 2016.

FACEBOOK - WHATSAPP

  • EUROPEAN UNION
  1. Facebook fined £94m for 'misleading' EU over WhatsApp takeover. Facebook has been fined €110m (£94m) by the EU for providing misleading information about its 2014 takeover of WhatsApp. May 18TH, 2017.
  2. Facebook faces EU fine over misleading WhatsApp data: source. BRUSSELS (Reuters) - U.S. social network Facebook (FB.O) is set to be penalized by EU antitrust regulators for allegedly providing misleading data related to its WhatsApp acquisition three years ago, a person familiar with the matter said on Wednesday. May 17th, 2017.
  3. Facebook accused of misleading EU regulators during $22 billion WhatsApp deal. Facebook has been hit with an antitrust complaint by the European Union over its acquisition of WhatsApp in 2014. December 20th, 2016.
  4. European Antitrust Enforcers Move on Holders of Big Data. Jones Day's European Antitrust & Competition Team, ‘European Antitrust Enforcers Move on Holders of Big Data’, Kluwer Competition Law Blog, May 26th, 2016.
  5. Facebook’s blockbuster acquisition of WhatsApp may become subject of EU antitrust investigation: WSJ. Facebook's $19 billion acquisition of messaging application maker WhatsApp may have gotten FTC approval in the United States last month, but now The Wall Street Journal reports that the social networking juggernaut has proactively contacted the European Commission to clear the deal. May 28th, 2014.
  6. Facebook Seeks EU Antitrust Review of WhatsApp Deal. Facebook Inc. has asked European Union antitrust regulators to examine its $19 billion deal to buy messaging service WhatsApp, in an attempt to avoid antitrust reviews by multiple EU countries, people familiar with the matter said. May 28, 2014.
  • FRANCE
Facebook facing privacy actions across Europe as France fines firm €150k. French regulator hits firm with maximum fine, while Belgium, Netherlands, Germany and Spain continue investigations. May 16th, 2017.
  • GERMANY
  1. EU: Facebook to face fine over WhatsApp deal. Facebook may be fined as soon as Thursday by the European Union for misleading regulators during a 2014 review of the WhatsApp messaging service takeover, a person familiar with the situation said. May 17th, 2017.
  2. Fines to Facebook and WhatsApp for breach of privacy and antitrust law. Last week, the French Data Protection Authority (DPA) has condemned Facebook Inc. and Facebook Ireland to the payment of a € 150 million fine. The sanction is part of a joint investigation carried out by the data protection authorities of France, German Land of Hamburg, the Netherlands, Belgium and Spain on the practices of Facebook. May, 24th, 2017.
  3. Federal Cartel Office investigates Facebook – When does data collection become market abuse? On 2 March 2016, the Federal Cartel Office (FCO) informed the public that it has initiated an investigation against Facebook for allegedly abusive behaviour on the market for social networking sites. June 03rd, .2016
  4. German Facebook probe links data protection and competition policy. On March 2, 2016, the German Federal Cartel Office opened an antitrust investigation into Facebook’s contract clauses on data use, in what appears to be the first antitrust case in Europe based on a breach of data protection rules. March 14th, 2016.
  5. Facebook investigated over market-power abuse claims. German authorities are investigating Facebook for suspected abuse of its dominant market position. The country's federal cartel office suspects the social network's privacy terms violate data protection laws. March 2nd, 2016.
  6. Germany takes on Facebook in competition probe. FRANKFURT (Reuters) - Germany’s cartel office is investigating Facebook (FB.O) for suspected abuse of market power over breaches of data protection laws in the first formal probe of the social network for violating competition rules. March 2nd, 2016.
  7. Facebook, Privacy and Article 102- a first comment on the Bundeskartellamt’s investigation. The German Competition Authority announced this morning that it has opened an abuse of dominance investigation on Facebook “on suspicion of having abused its market power by infringing data protection rules”. March, 2016.
  • UNITED KINGDOM
  1. Big data and competition: Facebook faces antitrust probe over privacy terms. So it begins… Facebook is under investigation in Germany for having unfair privacy terms. By the competition law regulator. Do not adjust your set. April 8th, 2017.
  2. Big Data and competition – data-rich does not mean dominant. In assessing whether a merger, agreement or market conduct is compliant with competition law, it is usually necessary to define the relevant market in order to provide a framework for assessing the effects on competition. July, 2014.
  • UNITED STATES
Facebook WhatsApp Bid Seen Avoiding U.S. Antitrust Case. Facebook Inc.’s purchase of messaging startup WhatsApp Inc., which carries a $2 billion breakup fee, will probably avoid a U.S. antitrust challenge because of the dynamic market for mobile applications. February 20th, 2014.

ANDROID - GOOGLE

  • EUROPEAN UNION
  1. Google Antitrust Enforcement: Complaints Mounting Against Google Amidst Calls for Immediate Relief; AdSense Case Has Wide-Ranging Implications for Google’s Business Model. Pressure against Google continues to mount in Europe, as a source close to the Google cases told us that at least 26 complaints have been filed against Google with the EC. December 7th, 2016.
  2. The EU Strategy behind its Three Google Antitrust Cases. With the EU’s new advertising antitrust charges against Google, the EU has now issued three Google abuse-of-dominance Statement of Objections covering search, mobile, and advertising, that actually span seven separately defined antitrust markets in the EU. July 15th, 2016.
  3. Google counters EC Android accusation by saying it benefits everyone. The EC’s problem with Android at that, in order to offer the fully functional version of Android, device manufacturers are compelled to pre-install Google search and set it as the default search engine. April 20th, 2016.
  4. Europe Challenges Google, Seeing Violations of Its Antitrust Law. BRUSSELS — The European Union’s antitrust chief on Wednesday formally accused Google of abusing its dominance in web searches, bringing charges that could limit the giant American tech company’s moneymaking prowess. April 15th, 2015.
  • RUSSIA
Russian Authorities Rule Google Broke Antitrust Regulations. Russian antitrust authorities ruled on Monday that Google broke the country’s competition rules, adding to the regulatory headaches the search giant is facing worldwide. September 14th, 2015. MICROSOFT
  • UNITED STATED
  1. Microsoft wins battle but war continues. The only question left in this chapter of Microsoft's long-running anti-trust battle is how Bill Gates will celebrate. November 1st, 2002.
  2. S. targets Microsoft: Justice Dept., 20 states and D.C. slap software giant with wide antitrust suit. U.S. regulators Monday launched one of the biggest antitrust assaults of the century, accusing Microsoft Corp. of using its dominance in computer software to drive competitors out of business. May 18th, 1998.
  3. Microsoft opponents cheer: Critics applaud lawsuit filing; computer makers largely silent. Microsoft Corp.'s competitors came out strong Monday in their support of U.S. regulators' latest antitrust assault against the software giant. However, they emphasized there will be no quick resolution. May 18th, 1998.
  4. Gates: suit is unreasonable. Microsoft Chairman to invest heavily in defense; expects to 'prevail'. Federal and state regulators may have stopped short of asking the courts to directly enjoin Microsoft from shipping Windows 98, but their requests to redesign the software will have the same crippling effect, Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates told CNNfn. May 18th, 1998.

ORGANIZACION GENERAL DE DATOS

  • EUROPEAN UNION
  1. Google Antitrust Enforcement: Complaints Mounting Against Google Amidst Calls for Immediate Relief; AdSense Case Has Wide-Ranging Implications for Google’s Business Model. Pressure against Google continues to mount in Europe, as a source close to the Google cases told us that at least 26 complaints have been filed against Google with the EC. December 7th, 2016.
  2. The EU Strategy behind its Three Google Antitrust Cases. With the EU’s new advertising antitrust charges against Google, the EU has now issued three Google abuse-of-dominance Statement of Objections covering search, mobile, and advertising, that actually span seven separately defined antitrust markets in the EU. July 15th, 2016.
  3. Europe Challenges Google, Seeing Violations of Its Antitrust Law. BRUSSELS — The European Union’s antitrust chief on Wednesday formally accused Google of abusing its dominance in web searches, bringing charges that could limit the giant American tech company’s moneymaking prowess. April 15th, 2015.
  • FRANCE
French Digital Council publishes report on platform neutrality. The CNNum (Conseil National du Numérique), the French National Digital Council, published a report on 13 June 2014. The report follows a 2013 request from the Ministry of the economy and digital affairs as well as the secretary of state on digital affairs on two issues: The European Commission’s investigation of Google’s dominant market position and CNNum’s analysis on platform neutrality. July 30th, 2014.
  • GERMANY
  1. Germany suggests ramping up regulation of Digital Platforms by establishing a “Digital Agency” with a robust antitrust mandate. Will Germany establish a “Digital Agency” to monitor compliance with competition law rules in digital markets? Will a German “Digital Antitrust Enforcer” become a role model for a European protectionist approach against American and Asian platform providers? April 6th, 2017.
  2. Competition Law and Data. The collection, processing and commercial use of data is often seen not as a competition law issue but rather as an issue which concerns data protection enforcement. May 10th, 2016.
  • MEXICO
Big Data y algoritmos tramposos. Últimamente se ha hablado mucho de las enormes oportunidades que presenta el manejo eficiente de la información y el procesamiento de grandes cantidades de datos para una mejor toma de decisiones. Existen importantes y razonables preocupaciones en materia de protección de datos personales, derechos del consumidor y cada vez más, de competencia económica. 31 marzo, 2017.
  • RUSSIA
Russian Authorities Rule Google Broke Antitrust Regulations. Russian antitrust authorities ruled on Monday that Google broke the country’s competition rules, adding to the regulatory headaches the search giant is facing worldwide. September 14, 2015.
  • SPAIN
  1. Disrupción y derecho: Nos dirigimos a economías colaborativas en las que las empresas tendrán que cooperar con competidoras. 28 marzo, 2017.
  2. La política de competencia y el “big data” (una visión francesa y alemana). Hace unos días os contábamos en el post La política de competencia y el “big data” (una visión francesa y alemana) (I) que Las Autoridades de Competencia francesa (Autorité de la Concurrence) y alemana (Bundeskartellamt) habían publicado un estudio titulado “Derecho de la competencia y datos” (Competition Law and Data). 22 agosto, 2016.
  3. La política de competencia y el “big data”. Las Autoridades de Competencia francesa (Autorité de la Concurrence) y alemana (Bundeskartellamt) publicaron el pasado 10 de mayo un estudio titulado “Derecho de la competencia y datos” (Competition Law and Data). 18 agosto, 2016.
  • UNITED KINGDOM
Big data: The next frontier for innovation, competition, and productivity. Big data will become a key basis of competition, underpinning new waves of productivity growth, innovation, and consumer surplus—as long as the right policies and enablers are in place. May, 2011.
  • UNITED STATES
How Can Antitrust Be Used to Protect Competition in the Digital Marketplace? In this second part of our two-part interview with Maurice Stucke and Ariel Ezrachi, the two discuss how competition authorities can mitigate tacit collusion in the age of big data and artificial intelligence and how antitrust could adapt to the new dynamic of the market. September 26th, 2016.

PLATAFORMAS ONLINE

  • FRANCE
French Digital Council publishes report on platform neutrality. The CNNum (Conseil National du Numérique), the French National Digital Council, published a report on 13 June 2014. The report follows a 2013 request from the Ministry of the economy and digital affairs as well as the secretary of state on digital affairs on two issues: The European Commission’s investigation of Google’s dominant market position and CNNum’s analysis on platform neutrality. July 30th, 2014.
  • GERMANY
Germany suggests ramping up regulation of Digital Platforms by establishing a “Digital Agency” with a robust antitrust mandate. Will Germany establish a “Digital Agency” to monitor compliance with competition law rules in digital markets? Will a German “Digital Antitrust Enforcer” become a role model for a European protectionist approach against American and Asian platform providers? April 6th, 2017.
  • UNITED STATES
How Can Antitrust Be Used to Protect Competition in the Digital Marketplace? In this second part of our two-part interview with Maurice Stucke and Ariel Ezrachi, the two discuss how competition authorities can mitigate tacit collusion in the age of big data and artificial intelligence and how antitrust could adapt to the new dynamic of the market. September 26th, 2016.

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